There is so much marketing jargon around it’s often difficult to know what’s important and what is not!
So what is Attribution and why does it matter (to you!)?
Before someone purchases a product or service, they are exposed to numerous marketing touchpoints. And these touchpoints include everything from TV advertising, comparison sites, Amazon, outdoor posters, email marketing, Facebook advertising – in fact, any marketing channel.
Attribution is the science of assigning a value or a credit to the touchpoints before the customer makes their purchase. And, if done correctly, then the value of that credit is assigned proportionally to each touchpoint according to its influence.
Think about it. If there was only one marketing channel and you got all your sales from that one channel, it’s not rocket science to work out what’s working for you.
Is Attribution a new thing?
No – just think about the old advertising saying by John Wanamaker (1838-1922). “Half the money I spend on advertising is wasted; the trouble is I don’t know which half”
So even back in the advertising dark ages, understanding what was really driving sales was on the agenda.
What has changed dramatically since then is our dependence on the online world. And whether you like it or not, we’re just at the beginning of this rapidly evolving marketing maelstrom.
And perhaps the biggest change, and I think it’s a truly insidious one, is the way in which targeted messaging will continue to evolve to deliver what advertisers know we like or want.
Targeted messaging? Remember Tom Cruise getting his eye scanned in the futuristic film Minority Report? The poster site scans his eye and delivers targeting messaging to him.
An important point to remember Think about paid advertising on Google for a moment. You want a service or a product, it could be a solicitor or a trampoline! You bash in ‘divorce solicitor Swindon’ or ‘cheap trampoline’ to the search engine. Google delivers the results, you click and you buy. Simple. So that’s called ‘Last click attribution’ and it’s a fundamentally flawed model. Obviously Google think it’s pretty cool, as they pick up 100% of the credit!
I recently heard this story at a conference run by my friends at SearchStar – they are a very capable and respected PPC and digital media agency in Bath.
“My journey to work starts with a walk to the station, I then get on the train, it’s a short journey from Swindon to Bath. I then walk from the station to the office, that’s about 10 minutes. I then get the lift to the top floor. So, using the ‘last click attribution’ model, how did I get to work? Yup, I got to work by lift!”
Think about who stands to gain by claiming a sale is attributable to their marketing channel. Exactly – it’s the owner of the channel and it matters A LOT! So remember Attribution is a flawed science and the likes of Facebook et al will do all they can to pick up credit, even if it’s not deserved! Yes, it’s true!
The most important bit – if you’re going to read nothing else, read this bit
There is a bigger picture here, away from online and blurred statistics. It’s not about whether you pay for any online advertising, or how much you spend on SEO. Rather, it has to do with reassurance. Most of you reading this will be in business selling a service. That could be accountancy, training, printing, legal services, advertising and marketing, dentistry, hospitality, recruitment, catering, even funeral services.
The customer journey starts with a defined need. The customer then starts to look for the service or product they want to fulfil the need. And they find your business (you hope!*). So is it a done deal? Emphatically not. The potential customer needs to feel reassured that you can deliver what they need. And if you’re not looking great for every touchpoint, then it’ll be your competitors that will be sending the invoice out.
So what builds this reassurance? Well this is a big subject and you can read more about reassurance in my other blog posts. Needless to say, it isn’t you saying that you’re passionate and you care and you listen. No one cares about what you think!
* “Doing business without advertising is like winking at a girl in the dark. You know what you are doing but nobody else does.”
Steuart Henderson Britt
So how does this link to attribution?
It’s all about not getting bogged down in the jargon and the metrics. You can spend a fortune getting the customer to your business. Be that through any number of marketing channels. But, if you’re not looking the part, and if your potential customers are not impressed and reassured, they’ll walk on by.
Attribution is crucial if you want to understand where to spend your marketing money. But you need the fundamentals sorted first.
If you’d like to talk to me about how your business looks, please do get in touch.